By Prof. Dr. Andi Faisal Bakti*
In Islamic communication, four strategies are most effective in order to improve the understanding of Islam: tabligh (information), taghyir (change), amar ma’ruf nahy munkar (forbidding the bad and joining the good), and al-akhlaq al-karimah (noble ethics). This paper is an attempt to see how the Prophet used these four specific strategies according to Badiuzzaman Said Nursi. This research shows that Risale-i Nur emphasizes the importance of balaghah (eloquence) as in The Words 25, first Light, The Flashes 17, note 13. It also underlines the role of taghyir (social change) in iman (faith) and jihad ma’nawy (meaningful struggles), as in The Words 19, points 7 and 8. In order for Muslims to progress, Nursi suggests the ummah (the Muslim community) to encourage alms giving, to engage exclusively in lawful transactions and to stay away from riba (usury), as in The Words 19, 25, and The Letters 22. The final strategy centers on mujtama‟ al-madani (civil society) centers on akhlaq (ethics/moral), as depicted in The Rays 11 and The Words 19, where he advises to adopt the ethics of the Prophet, based on the Qur’an.
Keywords: tabligh, taghyir, amar ma’ruf nahyi munkar, ummah, and akhlaq.
*Professor, State Islamic University; Universitas Pancasila Jakarta.
**Paper presented at the 10 International Badiuzzaman Symposium on “The Role and Place of Prophethood in Humanity’s Journey to the Truth: The Perspective of Risale-I Nur,” Wow Hotel, Istanbul September 22-24, 2013.